Peter, the patron saint of the city is a fictive character based on the Egyptian Ptah, chief god of the ancient city of Memphis. The name Peter comes from petra meaning "stone" or "rock." Saint Peter was allegedly given the keys of salvation by Jesus.
Not content with the Papal States and the new regions acquired, the popes now wanted even more...They set themselves to expand even further their ownership of additional territories. They concluded that the newly born Papal States, although of considerable size, were too small for the pope, the representative of the Blessed Peter. These territories had to be extended to match Peter's spiritual imperium. Something incontrovertible by which the popes would be unequivocally granted the ownership of whole kingdoms and empires had, therefore, become a necessity. At this point this most spectacular of all forgeries makes its official appearance: the Donation of Constantine. Purporting to have been written by the Emperor Constantine himself, it emerged from nowhere. The document with one master stroke put the popes above kings, emperors and nations, made them legal heirs to the territory of the Roman Empire, which it granted to them lock, stock and barrel, and gave to St. Peter...all lands to the West and beyond, indeed, all the lands of the planet
Significantly, it was not Jews who were flocking into Rome to gawk. They were not the ones sustaining this insidious exploitation. It was Anglo-Saxons from Western Europe, recently converted from paganism, who were primarily involved. Some Anglo-Saxon kings abdicated their thrones in order to live the remainder of their lives at the tomb of St. Peter, their supposed ticket to salvation.
Early Christian pilgrims would go to Rome and gather at the place where Saint Peter was said to have been martyred and interred. Of course, there is not a shred of proof to support the proposition that a man called Peter either visited Rome to spread Christ's message or that he was subsequently crucified there by his enemies. That story was pure concoction and it remains unsubstantiated to this day. It was, however, the barrage of visitors to St. Peter's alleged final resting place that profited the churches and Christian colleges that soon became established in the area.
To Peter there were no "mysteries," all was literally and utterly true. [...] With an almost unlimited capacity to believe, Peter questioned nothing [...] Peter was not different from many of the evangelists of our present time who, in the face of an ever-growing knowledge, preach the "jot and tittle" of the scriptures.