The Knights Templar were, therefore, knights of the sun, the moon, and stars. They were an esoteric order that encapsulated the secret teaching of the solar, lunar, and stellar cults of antiquity. Even the most cursory perusal of the symbolism that this order and its affiliates employed confirms this to be true. The Templar Order was a repository for the arcane lore of ages, for the astrological gnosis that exalted the hierarchs of Christian (Atonist) Rome but that had to remain unseen and unknown to the common uninitiated believer. In short, the Templars were descendants of the Cult of Aton. In fact, the creators of the Knights Templar were the descendants of the Merovingian dynasty headquartered in France and that, according to the three authors of Holy Blood, Holy Grail, had the biblical Jesus among their family members. This powerful dynasty has been traced by some researchers back to the Amorites and to the Hyksos pharaohs of Egypt.
Let us ever bear in mind from now on that the generic terms "Israelite" and "Hebrew" denote those people who had spent time in Egypt and who were most probably of Hyksos origin.
The Jews were not eager to emphasize their blood-ties to the royal dynasties of Egypt for two main reasons. Firstly, if they admitted to it openly they would have only a short time to glow since it would then come out how they were, in fact, illegitimate invaders, marauders, pillagers, and imposters who entered at a time when Egypt was drowning in social chaos. If they admitted to being Hyksos kings they would admit being the infamous "Leper Kings" so despised by the native Egyptians. They would have to admit to their looting and pillaging and to the fact that they had inhabited the fertile Nile Delta for over 300 years and accomplished next to nothing of significance, architecturally or artistically. They would have had to admit that they were renegades and that they were forcibly expelled by consensus and public uprising against them. And they would have to admit, should the facts ever come out, that their "Moses" - the real life Akhenaton - had an incestuous relationship with his megalomaniacal, foreign-blooded mother Queen Tiye. Additionally, they would have to admit to the world that their great savior or Messiah, Joshua (Tutankhamun), was the son, not of god, but of an incestuous relationship between his own father and his grandmother. None of this, as we can see, is in the least bit aggrandizing. Secondly, they would have to explain why they have been seeking the limelight of history as god's "chosen" ones. They would need to explain how they could have been condemning every other culture and nation and every other theology as if they were uniquely spiritually endowed when, in fact, they were originally a bunch of treacherous, bloodthirsty, pantheists benefiting from their sojourn in a land of enlightened adepts. Yes, such admissions would certainly tarnish their image. So, it was decided that the truth concerning their origins and history would be obscured and that great efforts would be made to degrade and berate Egypt and its people.
It might be asked why the Levites and the Cult of Aton, after their exile and ruthless occupation of Judea, chose to downplay all connection to Egypt and alter their titles and personal names. Why did they refer to themselves as "Levites," "Israelites," and "Judites," etc, when they were as we have shown, eighteenth dynasty pharaohs recently departed from Egypt? And we might ask why they would not wish to emphasize that their patriarchs (Abraham, Jacob, and others) were linked to the Hyksos kings who dominated Lower Egypt for over 300 years. One would think that they could not resist this flaunting of their reputation and status.
In general terms, whenever the code term "red" is used in the Old Testament, it denotes the Hyksos dynasty.
The hordes who tended Akhenaton and his court, and who accompanied him after his exile, were Levites from the city of Avaris (Zoan or Zion) and Amarna. They were descendants of the Hyksos Kings who had invaded Upper (Southern) Egypt over 300 years before (at the opening of the 13th dynasty). No, the "Israelites" were not the people who accompanied the pharaoh; they were the pharaoh and his immediate Egyptian coterie.
So it appears that the "Jews" of later ages would have their work cut out for them. They had to go to great lengths to downplay their connection to the Hyksos pharaohs and to obscure the nature of their heinous deeds in the land of the pyramids. This is why they chose to re-script history to make their alleged ancestors appear ragged homeless "slaves." It was a comedown, to be sure. But it was better that history recorded them as oppressed outsiders rather than as tyrannical conquerors who raped Egypt of its many treasures. But the secret could not be kept forever. Clever scholars began to uncover the truth. Sigmund Freud, for instance, noticed that Jews and Egyptians shared the rite of circumcision that was not employed by neighboring peoples. He noticed that the name "Moses" was of Egyptian origins and that it was most unusual for a highborn son of pharaohs to go round killing guards and taking the cause of "oppressed" slaves.
Egyptologists have been conspicuously reticent to say what god or gods the Hyksos really worshipped. As we have already mentioned, we are told they were predominantly venerators of the god Set.
Like this writer, the researcher Ralph Ellis does not buy into the migration of Abraham and Sarah story. He believes that Abraham and Sarah did not come from Sumeria into Egypt in the manner commonly described. Ellis, like the great revisionist Comyns Beaumont before him, believes that Abraham (from Ab'ram meaning "of Ra the Father") was the first pharaoh of the Hyksos dynasty. Abraham may have gone with his sister and wife Sarah towards Thebes (in southern Egypt) after a famine broke out in his own Northern kingdom. According to Ellis it was during this journey that the Theban king fell in love with Sarai and took her for his wife. The Southern pharaoh in question was none other than Tuthmosis III. And so, it was he, and not Abraham, who was the true father of the so-called Twelve Tribes of Israel. They were in fact the Twelve Tribes of Aton. Since the Hyksos were rulers in the North (Lower Egypt, Delta region), they would have had dominion over the pyramids and over Heliopolis, the capital of solar worship. Hence, Akhenaton's zeal for just that kind of worship and iconography. Ellis suggests that prior to the reign of Akhenaton, the Levite Yuya (the biblical Joseph) acted as an agent for the expelled Hyksos and returned to ingratiate himself with the pharaoh Amenhotep I. Ellis believes that he was successful and became a powerful presence behind the thrones of Tuthmosis III, Tuthmosis IV, Amenhotep III,and Akhenaton. Yuya and his family were the richest personalities in the entire world at that time, after the pharaoh himself.
Regarding the Hyksos connection, the author Ralph Ellis has established that the syllable Hyk had two meanings that might easily have been confused. The term can mean either "captive," or "king," depending upon whether the "y" is pronounced like an "I" (as in "Nick"), or as "Y" (as in"Mike") Ergo, historians can easily misidentify the Hyksos people. If modern Jews and Christians can fool the world by saying that their ancestors date back to "slaves" and "captives" rather than to "kings," then the prospects for true understanding of religion and scripture, as well as for the overall state of the world, are few indeed.
The first thing to clarify when it comes to the "Israelites" concerns the origin of the name "Israel." This name was not original to the people mentioned in the bible whose center was Jerusalem. None of the cities of the Hyksos pharaohs and their people bear the title "Israel." The term originated with the Irish and with the Phoenicians who had erected prominent and sophisticated cities all over Eastern Europe, Asia Minor, and the Levant. The Phoenicians were originally of Irish extraction and they had some of their most important bases in Ireland and Scotland. Not only were the Phoenicians expert sailors but they made good use of the land bridges that once existed between Scandinavia and England, and between England and Ireland.
It is now generally conceded that the Hyksos, who invaded and held Egypt in the early part of the second millennium BC, were Semites from Syria...The late Professor W. M. Mueller of Philadelphia, in his work on Egyptian Mythology, has informed us that a considerable part of Egyptian religious thought was influenced by Amarru
Ralph Ellis speculates that the Hyksos were close relatives of both the Minoans of Crete and the Philistines of Canaan. This theory is endorsed by the authors Alan Butler and Stephen Dafoe who have made extensive researches into the Knights Templar and Minoan civilization. There is also evidence that the Hyksos had settlements in Greece and Italy.
Scholars believe the Hyksos set up a new capital at Jerusalem, while author Ralph Ellis believes they were able, during the period of the 22nd dynasty, to maintain a base at Tanis in the North-Eastern Delta region. Evidence suggests that the reconquest of Egypt was never far from their minds.
Regardless of where they originated, it is likely that the Hyksos people had close ties with tribes in Canaan.
The Hyksos were Asiatics who filtered into the eastern Egyptian Delta around the middle of the Thirteenth Dynasty taking advantage of a period of internal Egyptian weakness, probably bringing with them and using to their own advantage, the chariot. The Thirteenth Dynasty rulers had moved the capital of the country north to a centrally located town called Itjawy near Memphis, near the apex of the Delta. Seizing the kingship, the Hyksos ruled Egypt for over one hundred years, composing the Fifteenth Dynasty. The heterogeneous Sixteenth Dynasty was partly Hyksos, but also composed of local Egyptian rulers who had no choice but to go along with their new overlords. This general period of Egyptian weakness and foreign occupation is called the Second Intermediate Period, or more popularly, the Hyksos Period. The local princes in Thebes in the south formed the Seventeenth Dynasty when the Hyksos overran Itjawy and forced the ephemeral rulers there into subservience. These vigorous Theban rulers kept the flame of Egyptian independence alive and finally were able to lead a war of liberation that expelled the Asiatics. The Hyksos rulers and their military forces were driven from Egypt. Egypt was free, and Ahmose and his successors of the Eighteenth Dynasty could turn to the task of reconstruction. Some historians have linked the biblical story of Joseph with the Hyksos regime
Pharaoh Ahmose I and his queen Ah hotep were members of the Lunar Cult which predated the Solar Theocracy by millennia. This cult had a center at Thebes and it was the Thebans who were most oppressed by the regime of the Hyksos. The phoneme Ah (in Ahmose and Ah hotep) was the name of the moon god. The members of the Lunar Cult of Thebes were rivals of the priests of Heliopolis whom they considered little better than the Hyksos. The conflicts in Egypt of which we speak were not merely political strife. They were primarily theological in nature.
The Hyksos did not have a good reputation among the Egyptians, whose national traditions depicted them as plunderers of cities and temples, cruel and impious barbarians faithful only to their god Seth, that veritable incarnation of evil in the Osiris legend
The Hyksos can enter tombs just as easily as water can; but whilst the Hyksos can also strip the pyramid casings, overturn the cult statues, open up secret places to the public and end the bread offerings with ease, water would find this extremely difficult. The Tempest Stele text is actually alluding to the desecration of the sacred temples throughout (Middle) Egypt by the Hyksos-Israelites
The Tempest Stele confirms that the Hyksos pillaged the land they had once ruled and left with coffers full of treasure. These facts further render laughable the image of god's impoverished, oppressed, desert-wandering "chosen people" presented in the early books of the bible.
The departing Hyksos (600,000 according to the Bible) took the wealth of Lower Egypt with them. It was a victory for Esau, but in some respects a hollow one, for the entire region had been stripped clean; looted for every last coin. Esau visited the town of Avaris, and on seeing the devastation and wanton greed for riches, he declared that this terrible deed should be called from henceforth, Avarice!
Recent Investigations have revealed the biblical exodus story to be a veiled and doctored reference to two events that occurred centuries apart. It refers to the mass expulsion of the Hyksos people under the reign of Ahmose I (1575-1550 BC) and also to the removal of the renegade Pharaoh Akhenaton at the end of the 18th dynasty. This first exodus of the Hyksos was an immense affair and took a long time to complete. The Hyksos cities such as Memphis and Avaris were evacuated and the quarter of a million inhabitants from this Avaris plus those from other towns and cities left a trail of ruin in their wake. Although the process of removal was slow, and even though Ahmose was compelled to pay an enormous amount of money to hasten the departure of his powerful enemies, Egypt was liberated during his regency.
At the beginning of the eighteenth dynasty, during the reign of Pharaoh Ahmose I (Aahmes, Amasis, or Amos), the majority of the Hyksos people were finally routed and expelled from Egypt. By way of emphatic negotiation and financial incentive, the Theban pharaoh succeeded in bringing their cruel and destructive 300-year rule to an end. Pharaoh Ahmose was directed by the El Kab family descended from early Egyptian feudal lords. The ancient texts describe his great victories and his own stature:
Some scholars imagine the Hyksos to have been horseback riding Hittites while others deem them Greeks, Syrians, Amorites, Minoans, Scythians, Hurrians, or even Trojans. One fact that suggests that the Hyksos were long term inhabitants of Egypt, rather than invaders, is their veneration of the ancient god Set (Seth, Sutekh, Seteh, or Seb) who had dominion over Lower (Northern) Egypt. During the time of the Hyksos, Set became part of the Heliopolitan Ennead. Set was god of the dark places, wild weather, and of the inhospitable red desert burned by the sun called Tesherit. This word means "red lands." Red was the color of Set, so it is interesting that this color should be frequently and conspicuously employed by corporations and governments (red squares, St. George's Red Cross, Red Coats, red tape, red carpets, red ribbons, red military stripes and lapels, red roses, etc). Some researchers point to this as evidence that the Hyksos were fair-complexioned westerners known as "Edomites."
The Lamb Skin is employed by Christians, Jews, and Masons. It was, and is, a symbol denoting the Hyksos dynasty of Egypt, known as the "Shepherd Kings."
Allegedly, another Egyptian term for the Hyksos was Shasu. This term meant "Shepherds," and we might note how frequently this term is employed in the bible.
The Hyksos, then, were nothing less than the pharaohs of Egypt during the fifteenth and sixteenth dynasties of Egypt. This is a period, under the classical dating of Egypt, that equates very well with the projected lifetime of the biblical Abraham. In this case, Abraham was not only a military leader, but he was quite possibly a pharaoh of Egypt as well
So, we now discover that the famous Israelites were powerful kings in one of the greatest civilizations on Earth. We find that they were not oppressed captives or slaves, and that they were one and the same people as the so-called "Hyksos" people. Within the last ten years or so, authors such as Ralph Ellis, Moustafa Gadalla, and Ahmed Osman (following on from masters such as Comyns Beaumont, Immanuel Velikovsky, Sigmund Freud, and others), have uncovered the close ties between the Hyksos and the so-called "Israelites" of the Old Testament. We believe that the Israelites, or Hyksos, were Scythians displaced from Ireland during the great Age of Catastrophe. We believe they were the "Shepherd Kings of foreign lands," that historians have been so hard pressed to identify. We believe they had several communities in Egypt, and that they were originally, before their physical displacement, of Irish ancestry. If the Scythian-Hykson used the title "Israelite," it was probably because this was the name of the ancient Irish Iesa or Isa, the god of light. If the name Isa is combined with Ra, one derives Isara or Isra, which can soon be rendered Israel. The final phoneme el means "minister" or "messenger." Iesa and Ra were lords of light, so the combination of names by members of the Solar Cult is perfectly understandable.
Eventually, the Hyksos moved northwards and overran Memphis. They established their first main capital there. They later moved to Avaris that, according to biblical tradition, was the same city occupied by the Levite followers of Moses. Avaris was basically a garrison town held by over a quarter of a million men in arms. Avaris was also known as Zoan. This latter term is close to Zion. If it is the same word then the constant references by Jews to the time of "Zion" refer to the dynasty of the despotic Hyksos people to whom they were related. According to Ralph Ellis the patriarch known as Abraham (from Ab'ram - meaning "of Ra the Father") was the first pharaoh of these despised Hyksos people. His sister and wife Sarah eventually married the pharaoh of Southern Egypt forming a union with that rival and more native house. This alliance would have resulted in future mixed marriages (like Amenhotep III's with Tiye and Yuya with Asenath, etc), and to claims to the throne from foreign-blooded heirs. The majority of the pharaohs of the eighteenth dynasty fit this type.
Josephus, the patriotic Jewish historian, who believed that the Hyksos were "the children of Israel", quoted Manetho as saying that "they were a people of ignoble race who had confidence to invade our country, which they subdued easily without having to fight a battle. They set our towns on fire; they destroyed the temples of the gods, and caused the people to suffer every kind of barbarity
According to the history books, the Hyksos arrived during a time of unrest and anarchy in Egypt when the pharaoh was Neshi. Neshi was a negro from Nubia who managed to seize the throne for himself after a violent struggle with two weak successors of the 12th dynasty pharaoh Neferkhara (of the Sebekhotep kings) whose vast empire extended from Nubia to the Mediterranean. Under the corrupt and inept rule of Neshi, Egypt was vulnerable before its enemies. According to most experts, it was at this time the Hyksos attacked and established their own despotic empire. Some Hyksos historians believe that the fearsome invaders were aided by the inept imposter dynasty of Nubians that rose after the fall of the Sebekhoteps, and by the many refugees and immigrants who, though granted shelter in Egypt during times of want, cared little for the welfare of the land of their hosts. The Hyksos strengthened their numbers with these self-seeking envious foreigners and found Egypt for the taking. After their successful takeover they kept open the country's borders and all foreigners were bid welcome into Egypt. The reign of their Pharaoh Salatis opened Egypt's fifteenth dynasty. The native Egyptians prayed to their old gods for release from those they referred to as the "leper kings," the "impure ones," and the "polluted."
The dragon was the emblem of the Dragon Court of Egypt, the Brotherhood of the Snake, headed by the Hyksos pharaohs and later by the renegade Akhenaton (Moses). This so-called "Dragon Bloodline" still exists. It was preserved in the Merovingian, Carolingian, Plantagenet, Tudor, Stuart, Hapsburg, Hanoverian, Savoy, Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Battenberg, Bowes Lyon, Guelph, and Windsor dynasties (and others).
The chiefs of the so-called "Israelites" had been pharaohs themselves and were related to, and descended from, the Hyksos pharaohs of the 13th dynasty. Their great capitals were Memphis and Avaris. Avaris was later renamed Pi-Rameses but had been known as Zaru and Zion. It was situated in the "Goshen" of the bible, in the Eastern zone of the Nile Delta. Suggestively, it was the city where Akhenaton had grown up and been educated. The Atonist coterie, who were expelled along with Akhenaton were, like the pharaoh himself, members of this Hyksos dynasty of wealthy and powerful kings and priests. The Hyksos, we believe, were connected to, and possibly identical with, the Scythians of Northern Europe. These Scythians were Celts (or more correctly Gaels) displaced to Europe after the Age of Catastrophe. They were, we believe, originally from the British Isles. If, therefore, it is true that the Hyksos and the Israelites were one and the same people, as serveral investigators now allege, it means that the Israelites were in fact, in their earliest incarnation, Gaels from the North-West. We believe the legends and the etymology prove this to be very likely.
Following the death of the last 12th Dynasty Pharaoh, c.1786 BC, Egypt plunged into another Dark Age. This time the cause does not seem to have been internal revolution but rather the invasion of the country by a mysterious people called the Hyksos. These foreigners, called variously the "Shepherd Kings" or "Sea Peoples," controlled the country for some two hundred years...This is very interesting from the Biblical point of view, for if there is any truth in the story of Abraham's migration and the subsequent settling of the children of Israel in Egypt, then it has to have happened around this time
If Akhenaton (and his family before him) was of the Hyksos bloodline, then his bizarre and sacrilegious actions would make a great deal of sense. But it should be realized, in any case, that Akhenaton was not the legitimate heir to the throne of Egypt. His mother Tiye was not of Egyptian blood and was not acknowledged as being a spiritual "daughter" of the god Amen-Ra, that a female had to be in order to have legal rights to the throne. Since Tiye did not possess this right,her son Akhenaton did not either. It can be argued that almost every pharaoh of the eighteenth dynasty (as well as those infidel "Hyksos" kings from the 13th dynasty to the 18th) were not, in the true spiritual sense, legitimate pharaohs. Nevertheless, Akhenaton certainly was not. Ergo, when he and his cult of Levite followers were deposed they naturally found it expedient to obscure their identity ("Israelites," "Judites," "Levites") and not openly proclaim or emphasize their relationship to Egypt. Historians have followed suit so it is only now, in relatively recent times, that the truth about the origins of the Judites and Levites has surfaced.
Some scholars, as early as Josephus, have associated the Semitic Hyksos with the ancient Hebrews, seeing their departure from Egypt as the story retold in the Exodus. Notably, Canaanite/Hebrew names occur among the Hyksos
The Hyksos were none other than the biblical Levites.
This connection to Heliopolis can be explained once we consider the theory of revisionist author Ralph Ellis who (following on from the nineteenth century scholar Donald MacKenzie) believes Heliopolis to have been dominated by the Hyksos kings. Authors William Bramley and Laurence Gardner define these kings as part of the ancient "Dragon Bloodline."
Yuya's (Joseph's) power was enhanced and solidified after his daughter Tiye was betrothed and wedded to the young Pharaoh Amenhotep III (1382-1344 BC). This fortuitous marriage sealed the Israelite/Levite (Hyksos) line with the native Egyptian one. There is little doubt in our mind that if Amenhotep was not himself of Hyksos descent, his second wife Tiye most certainly was.
It is generally reckoned that the Hyksos Pharaoh Apepi II (Apophis) was the last hereditary Dragon King in Egypt, but it would appear that the heritage was perpetuated through the female line into the new dynasty. Even the grave of Ahmose's son Amenhotep I contained a preserved vase cartouche of the daughter of Apophis, which signifies the enmity was not so great between the houses as is traditionally supposed.
Although the majority of the Hyksos people were frowned upon and even despised by native Egyptians their upper class and priestly class were accepted and honored in pharaonic circles. Indeed, most of the pharaohs of the eighteenth dynasty may have possessed Hyksos blood. This is most important because recently discovered evidence reveals that the Hyksos settlers of Egypt were none other than the Israelites and Levites of Judeo-Christian history.
Before we explore what the term "Israelite" truly referred to let us just emphasize the great power that Yuya and his family enjoyed. Being made viceroy and vizier by the pharaoh gave him complete power over the entire country. It is likely that he and his wife were descendants of the Hyksos kings of previous dynasties, and of the Levites resident in Avaris at the time.
"Solomon" who established the "Zadokite" order was none other than the eighteenth dynasty Pharaoh Amenhotep III, the father of Akhenaton. Amenhotep III was a descendant of the Hyksos pharaohs of Upper Egypt and was a worshipper of the sun god Aton. The name Solomon was merely his solar title - sol meaning sun. The Zadokites, originally sun priests of Egypt, were serpent worshippers.
Before they arrived in Rome, the Herodian dynasty were allegedly known as Edomites, and we strongly suspect they were connected to the descendants of the Atonists and to the Hyksos "Shepherd Kings," of Egypt. The word Edom is believed to have meant "red men," or "men from the red land," and the color red is associated with the Hyksos bloodline. The Herod family was both Jewish and Roman, and we believe them to have been puppets of the Atonists ensconced in France and Britain.
The Herodians, known as "Kings of the Jews" were a Jewish-Roman elite of great power and prestige. They were Edomites (Idumeans) or Hyksos, that is - Atonists. A few experts believe that the letter "I," at the beginning of Idumean, should be a "J." They believe the word is a rough and deliberate corruption of Judean. This makes sense. This is merely one example of how words and terms have been tampered with so that the truth about mankind's past remains distorted.
…Abraham, Isaac and Jacob were not a family of poor, captive, downtrodden shepherds at all.They were nothing less than the Hyksos, the “Shepherd Kings,” pharaohs of Egypt.
Official history tells us that the oppressive Hyksos were eventually expelled from the country by the Pharaoh Ahmose I (1575-1550 BC) who led the Egyptian people in rebellion against the tyrannical invader dynasty. However, we believe the upper classes of the Hyksos invaders were not expelled. We believe they maintained senior positions at the pharaoh's court and great temples of the sun at Gizeh, Tanis, Heliopolis, Amarna, Avaris, and Alexandria. The upper strata of the Hyksos people had clearly married in with the native Egyptian line, since even Tuthmosis IV and his son Amenhotep III were of mixed blood. Some Egyptologists believe that Amenhotep III was the father of both Smenkhare and Tutankhamun, and given that this is true, it would mean that these two Atonist pharaohs were also of mixed blood.
All is made clear,regarding Abraham and Sarah's traversal into Egypt, when we realize what biblicists meant by the term "Egypt." As Ralph Ellis so brilliantly points out, the name Egypt was employed by the composers of the Old Testament to denote Thebes in Lower Egypt. This was the city and region controlled by the adversaries of the Hyksos. It was considered a separate region, with different rulers, gods, customs, and politics. So, it was not the country of Egypt that Abraham visited, but Thebes within Egypt.
They [Moustafa Gadalla and Ahmed Osman] contend that Abraham, Jacob, Isaac, and Joseph were themselves members of a powerful dynasty of Egyptian pharaohs known as the Hyksos. Osman declares these Hyksos to be the same people as the Israelites. He argues that the Hyksos Kings of the Egyptian 13th dynasty, who ruled for approximately 300 years, are the ancestors of those referred to as Israelites and Levites. During the eighteenth dynasty, their leader was Pharaoh Akhenaton, who was himself either a physical or ideological descendant of the Hyksos. Author Ralph Ellis insists that Abraham did not come into Egypt from elsewhere. He claims that Abraham was always resident in Egypt and that he was a powerful Hyksos king and rival to the pharaoh of Upper Egypt resident at Thebes. The city of Ur was not in Mesopotamia at all. It was not near the Euphrates and Tigris, as most believe, but on the Nile.
Amenemhet I (1991-1962 BC) was titled "Amen is the Head." He was the first king of the twelfth dynasty, and his ancestry is unknown. Some scholars suspect he was the prototype for the Biblical patriarch known as Abraham. However, this would place Abraham in Egypt before the official dates for the invasion of the Hyksos. The problem is less complicated once we understand that the Hyksos were not invaders from outside Egypt. They were foreign to Upper Egypt but not to Egypt itself. The groups that invaded during the thirteenth dynasty may have been related to the noble families of Lower Egypt, that is, of the Hyksos Kings. They may have entered the land by invitation. Later, as the dynasties changed, these visitors appear to have been considered unwelcome guests or invaders.
The Hyksos kings of Egypt revived Set's cult int he 2nd millennium B.C., perhaps because their own ass-eared Midas was a similar god-king. The annual alternation of Set and his brother Osiris (or Horus), who murdered each other in perpetual rivalry for the favors of Isis, reflected constant replacement of sacred kings in pre-dynastic times.