Abraham was father of three different divisions of people; through Hagar the bond-maiden he became the father of the Ishmaelites, the Arabs, millions of them. Through another bond-maiden, Keturah, he became the father of other countless millions of eastern Hebrews, many of them living today in India; and only through Sarah, his rightful wife, did he become the father of the "Children of the Promise."
The task of identifying the historical David is complicated from the outset by the fact that the Old Testament provides us with two contrasting Davidic characters who cannot have been the same person...However, amalgamated the stories of the two Davids - one warrior king who lived in the fifteenth century BC, and the other a tribal chief who lived five centuries later - should be seen as another facet of the attempt by Old Testament editors (Jewish scribes living in Babylon between the sixth and third centuries BC) to conceal the fact that Tuthmosis III, not Abraham, was the father of Isaac, and therefore also the founding father of the 12 tribes of Israel. The first part of the Pharaoh's name, “Tuth” (or Thoth) becomes Dwd, in Hebrew, the word used for “David” in the Bible
Prototype of the biblical patriarch Abraham he [Tuthmosis III] was the actual father of the so-called Twelve Tribes of Israel. Author Ahmed Osman regards Tuthmosis III as the prototype for the biblical king David.
Like this writer, the researcher Ralph Ellis does not buy into the migration of Abraham and Sarah story. He believes that Abraham and Sarah did not come from Sumeria into Egypt in the manner commonly described. Ellis, like the great revisionist Comyns Beaumont before him, believes that Abraham (from Ab'ram meaning "of Ra the Father") was the first pharaoh of the Hyksos dynasty. Abraham may have gone with his sister and wife Sarah towards Thebes (in southern Egypt) after a famine broke out in his own Northern kingdom. According to Ellis it was during this journey that the Theban king fell in love with Sarai and took her for his wife. The Southern pharaoh in question was none other than Tuthmosis III. And so, it was he, and not Abraham, who was the true father of the so-called Twelve Tribes of Israel. They were in fact the Twelve Tribes of Aton. Since the Hyksos were rulers in the North (Lower Egypt, Delta region), they would have had dominion over the pyramids and over Heliopolis, the capital of solar worship. Hence, Akhenaton's zeal for just that kind of worship and iconography. Ellis suggests that prior to the reign of Akhenaton, the Levite Yuya (the biblical Joseph) acted as an agent for the expelled Hyksos and returned to ingratiate himself with the pharaoh Amenhotep I. Ellis believes that he was successful and became a powerful presence behind the thrones of Tuthmosis III, Tuthmosis IV, Amenhotep III,and Akhenaton. Yuya and his family were the richest personalities in the entire world at that time, after the pharaoh himself.
The biblical editors (believed to have been working and compiling in Babylon between the sixth and third centuries BC) decided to include this fabulous tale of Abraham and his devious and inexcusable intrigue against the pharaoh, to subtly cast doubt upon the parentage of a most important person in Jewish history, namely their son Isaac. If Sarai lay with pharaoh on the first night of their wedding ceremony (as was the custom), then could not Isaac of the Jews, of the seed of Abraham, not be of the house of pharaoh instead? It is our belief that this tie probably did exist and that it was covered up by the biblical editors who were under orders from the Cult of Aton as to what to write. It would have seriously weakened the allegiances and ties between the Jews and the Cult of Aton if it was to be realized that there were close bonds to earlier pharaohs. As a result, the connection was downplayed so that the Atonists (those with an intense hated toward Egypt) could maintain the respect and allegiance of their Jewish servants. They wanted the Jews who followed and served them to develop the same antipathy that they possessed towards their original homeland and the pharaohs of previous dynasties. The Egyptian iconography and cosmology would remain in order to embellish the books, writings, and religion, but the blood ties would be obscured and only obliquely referenced. We also suppose that it was due to this intimate blood tie that the migration of Abraham from outside Egypt was concocted. If it could be shown that the first generation patriarch was not himself of Egypt but from some other place, and if he was sent from the outside into Egypt, the story would be more palatable to the Atonist editors of the bible, those "paying the bills," so to speak. The role of Sarai had to be played down as much as possible. The readers of later generations were not to know that she was an honored woman and wife to a pharaoh. So, the story of the Lord appearing to Abraham and giving him the covenant (Genesis 15:18) was concocted to make him the more appealing and striking character. Now all eyes would be focused upon Abraham and his Lord and on some vague inexplicable "covenant." Attention would not be on Sarai or Isaac's true father, the suggestively unnamed and mightily deceived pharaoh, who was the true father of the so-called "Twelve Tribes of Israel." In the Book of Genesis we are told that Sarai was unable to bear children, which is why she offered up her maid-servant, Hagar, to her husband Abraham. Clearly, this was another fabricated addition to steer readers away from the truth. (See Genesis 16:11.)
If we disregard [Ralph] Ellis' theories and choose instead to accept as fact the highly improbable story of Abraham, and his migration into Egypt, we are compelled to acknowledge something of singular importance concerning the virtue of this "holiest" of patriarchs and concerning the claims to virtue of the so-called "chosen" people supposed to have descended from his line. We discover, from the rendition of his life in the Book of Genesis, that this Abraham, upon his arrival at the House of the Pharaoh, lied to all saying that his wife Sarai was in fact his sister. This lie was told by the schemers when they discovered that the pharaoh had taken a personal liking to Sarai. When the pharaoh finds out that Sarai is Abraham's good-looking sister he takes her in marriage and rewards Abraham with considerable wealth. So, for simple material gain this great and holy patriarch palmed off his wife as his sister to the pharaoh of Egypt. And the supposed descendants of this Faginesque swindler dare tell us that the Egyptians were morally suspect. However, the Book of Genesis goes on to relate how terrible god-sent plagues descended upon pharaoh's people and that he finally finds out that he was sorely duped by Abraham, his duplicitous guest. The troubled pharaoh (considered a very evil person by the Jews of later ages) does not jail or kill Abraham but simply banishes him from his sight. (See Genesis 12:18.)
…Abraham, Isaac and Jacob were not a family of poor, captive, downtrodden shepherds at all. They were nothing less than the Hyksos, the “Shepherd Kings,” pharaohs of Egypt
The Hyksos, then, were nothing less than the pharaohs of Egypt during the fifteenth and sixteenth dynasties of Egypt. This is a period, under the classical dating of Egypt, that equates very well with the projected lifetime of the biblical Abraham. In this case, Abraham was not only a military leader, but he was quite possibly a pharaoh of Egypt as well
Eventually, the Hyksos moved northwards and overran Memphis. They established their first main capital there. They later moved to Avaris that, according to biblical tradition, was the same city occupied by the Levite followers of Moses. Avaris was basically a garrison town held by over a quarter of a million men in arms. Avaris was also known as Zoan. This latter term is close to Zion. If it is the same word then the constant references by Jews to the time of "Zion" refer to the dynasty of the despotic Hyksos people to whom they were related. According to Ralph Ellis the patriarch known as Abraham (from Ab'ram - meaning "of Ra the Father") was the first pharaoh of these despised Hyksos people. His sister and wife Sarah eventually married the pharaoh of Southern Egypt forming a union with that rival and more native house. This alliance would have resulted in future mixed marriages (like Amenhotep III's with Tiye and Yuya with Asenath, etc), and to claims to the throne from foreign-blooded heirs. The majority of the pharaohs of the eighteenth dynasty fit this type.
Following the death of the last 12th Dynasty Pharaoh, c.1786 BC, Egypt plunged into another Dark Age. This time the cause does not seem to have been internal revolution but rather the invasion of the country by a mysterious people called the Hyksos. These foreigners, called variously the "Shepherd Kings" or "Sea Peoples," controlled the country for some two hundred years...This is very interesting from the Biblical point of view, for if there is any truth in the story of Abraham's migration and the subsequent settling of the children of Israel in Egypt, then it has to have happened around this time
…Abraham, Isaac and Jacob were not a family of poor, captive, downtrodden shepherds at all.They were nothing less than the Hyksos, the “Shepherd Kings,” pharaohs of Egypt.
The Books of Samuel, Judges and Kings are supposed to cover nearly 1000 years of Jewish history, yet they make no reference to Jahveh’s talks with Moses: they say nothing about the miracles Moses performed in Egypt, his passage to the Red Sea or his wanderings in the Wilderness. Nor do they make any allusions to the stories given in Genesis of Creation, Adam and Eve and the Deluge. Although the names of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and Moses are mentioned a few times, nothing is said about their lives and they are treated as if they were merely obscure, legendary figures.
All is made clear,regarding Abraham and Sarah's traversal into Egypt, when we realize what biblicists meant by the term "Egypt." As Ralph Ellis so brilliantly points out, the name Egypt was employed by the composers of the Old Testament to denote Thebes in Lower Egypt. This was the city and region controlled by the adversaries of the Hyksos. It was considered a separate region, with different rulers, gods, customs, and politics. So, it was not the country of Egypt that Abraham visited, but Thebes within Egypt.
Abraham about to sacrifice his son Isaac. The mountain is a symbol for the sign of Aries, as is the sword and ram seen in this artist's rendition of the Old Testament account. New found evidence suggests that, like several other Biblical characters, this patriarch was himself a noble of Egypt, or even a pharaoh. He has been tentatively identified with Sensuret I of the 12th dynasty and with Amenemhet I.
Amenemhet I (1991-1962 BC) was titled "Amen is the Head." He was the first king of the twelfth dynasty, and his ancestry is unknown. Some scholars suspect he was the prototype for the Biblical patriarch known as Abraham. However, this would place Abraham in Egypt before the official dates for the invasion of the Hyksos. The problem is less complicated once we understand that the Hyksos were not invaders from outside Egypt. They were foreign to Upper Egypt but not to Egypt itself. The groups that invaded during the thirteenth dynasty may have been related to the noble families of Lower Egypt, that is, of the Hyksos Kings. They may have entered the land by invitation. Later, as the dynasties changed, these visitors appear to have been considered unwelcome guests or invaders.
This name meaning "Father Brahm" seems to have been a Semitic version of India's patriarchal god Brahma; he was also the Islamic Abrama, founder of Mecca. [...] Sarah, "the Queen," was one of the Goddess's titles, which became a name of Abraham's biblical "wife." Old Testament writers pretended Sarah's alliances with Egyptian princes were only love-affairs arranged by Abraham for his own profit - which unfortunately presented him as a pimp (Genesis 12:16) as well as a would-be murderer of his son (Genesis 22:10).
Hagar bore Abraham his first son, Ishmael, who was to become the father of the Arab nations. We should understand by this that Abraham learned great initiatic knowledge from the Egyptian priests.