The Roman Fasces consisted of a bundle of Birch rods surrounding the Axe. This instrument, emblematical of power, is pictured on the tail side of our American Dime. The Roman Lictors were the protectors of the State who carried the Fasces up the steps of the Roman capitol.
The Birch rods served notice that the Lictors could administer a licking and the Axe even threatened death as the final penalty.
Strangely the Latin translation of Axe is Securis, from which our word Security is derived, and security in Rome rested within the control of the Axe. Power was the basis of the Fasciste government and the translation of the word Fasces is "the Axe Sign."
The most obvious symbol of the Brotherhood’s intent is the fasces, from which we get the word, fascism. You can see it at the bottom of a United States ‘liberty’ symbol and in the Congress Building (see Figure 50). It was a symbol used widely in the Roman Empire and it consists of rods bound together around an axe. This axe is the origin of the term Axis Powers for the fascist countries in the Second World War. The symbolism is of people and countries bound together under a common centralised dictatorship, the axe